Former USAID Director Natsios Outlines the Future on Foreign Aid

03/23/2012

03/23/2012

By Aurora Matthews

On Thurs. March 15, Andrew Natsios, former director of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), discussed the past and future of U.S. foreign aid, and the role of development in an uncertain world.  Natsios’ lecture was presented by the Professor Saul M. Katz Internal Lectureship on Economic and Social Development.

“We cannot save the world through foreign aid, but we can absolutely improve it through development,” said Natsios.  “The best changes are incremental.  We must have a long-term perspective.” 

Natsios explained in his lecture to a large audience on Thursday that there are three main types of foreign aid: charitable aid, grassroots development and state building.  His extensive experience working in international development has taught him that in order to successfully implement change through aid there needs to be local leaders willing to take risks as well as legitimate institutions.  “You can have a decentralized system, but you must have institutions to mediate conflict in an orderly way,” said Natsios. “Institution building must be part of development.”

Natsios sees the future of foreign aid following the new direction of public and private alliances.  “In the 1970’s, 70 percent of aid from the U.S. came from the public, but in 2007 only nine percent of capital flow was from the public sector.  The other 91 percent was from the private sector,” said Natsios.  “This is the future of foreign aid.”  He highlighted USAID’s Global Development Alliance model, a $9 billion program that is designed to deliver aid to developing countries through public-private partnerships, and the Sustainable Forest Products Global Alliance.  

Natsios served as Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development from May 2001 to January 2006 and also served as the Special Envoy to Sudan.  He also was vice president of World Vision U.S., the largest faith-based NGO in the world from 1993 to 1998.  Natsios is currently a is Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service and is a Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute.  He is also the author of three books: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1997), The Great North Korean Famine (2001), Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur:  What Everyone Needs to Know (2012).

The Katz Lecture was established in 1994 by one of GSPIA’s founding faculty members, Dr. Saul M. Katz.  During much of Dr. Katz’s tenure at GSPIA he served as the Director of Programs in Economic and Social Development (now the Masters in International Development Degree) and was credited with putting to use 20 years of government and Army experience to prepare international students in development policies that would foster growth and self-sufficiency.  Past speakers of the Katz Lecture Series include: Dr. Dipak K. Gupta, Distinguished Professor in the Department of Political Science at San Diego State University; Steve McDonald, director of the Africa Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; and Elinor Ostrom, winner of the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.

This lecture was presented by the University of Pittsburgh’s Graduate School of Public and International Affairs (GSPIA), the Ford Institute for Human Security, and International Orthodox Christian Charities and is endowed by the Saul M. Katz Lectureship on Social and Economic Development.

Click here, to watch the lecture.

To learn more about Andrew Natsios' views on the future of foreign aid, you may read:

Arrested Development: Making Aid an Effective Foreign Policy Tool

Private Alliances Transform Aid

Presentation to Society for International Development






 

The Ford Institute will host Dr. Paul B. Stares at 12:15 p.m., Thurs., Feb. 18 in Posvar Hall, room, 3431.  Dr. Paul B. Stares, General John W. Vessey Senior Fellow for Conflict Prevention & Director of the Center for Preventive Action at the Council on Foreign Relations will lead a discussion about how America can avoid war in the 21st Century. 

Paul O’Neill Provides Valuable Insight on Leadership

By Sarah Boal

The students of the Leadership Portfolio Program recently met with former Secretary of the Treasury, Paul O’Neill. The retired Alcoa Chairman and CEO made the trip to campus to share his insights on leadership with the group.  Mr. O’Neill has long been known for the emphasis he places on workplace safety and has carried this ideal with him through posts in all three sectors at Alcoa, The RAND Corporation, and even the Department of the Treasury.

GSPIA Dean John T.S. Keeler

will present "The Politics of Shale Gas and Anti-Fracking Movements in France and the UK" at noon, Thursday, March 3 in Posvar Hall, room 4130. Lunch will be provided to preregistered attendees. To RSVP,

click here

.

 

The event is sponsored by the European Studies Center and The Shale Gas Governance Center.

 

Jeremy G. Weber, J. Wesley Burnett, Irene M. Xiarchos

We study the effects of the property tax base shock caused by natural gas drilling in the Barnett Shale in Texas–a state that taxes oil and gas wells as property. Over the boom and bust in drilling, housing appreciation closely followed the oil and gas property tax base, which expanded the total tax base by 23 percent at its height. The expansion led to a decline in property tax rates while maintaining or increasing revenues to schools. Overall, each $1 per student increase in the oil and gas property tax base increased the value of the typical home by $0.15. Some evidence suggests that the cumulative density of wells nearby may lower housing values, indicating that drilling could reduce local welfare without policies to increase local public revenues.

The European Studies Center will host a lecture by Dr. Bernard Goldstein, Professor Emeritus and former Dean of the Graduate School of Public Health at noon, Thurs. Feb. 11 in Posvar Hall, room 4217.

GSPIA will host an alumni gathering at 6 p.m., Wed., March 9 at the Beacon Hotel, 1615 Rhode Island Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20036. To register for the alumni and student networking reception, click here.

GSPIA Alumni Gathering
Wednesday, March 9, 2016
6-8 p.m.
The Beacon Hotel
1615 Rhode Island Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20036

The Shale Gas Governance Center will host Dr. Joseph Marchand at noon, Wed. Feb. 17 in Posvar Hall, room 3911. This talk will discuss the natural resources of Western Canada and how the boom and bust in energy prices has affected its local labor markets in terms of employment and earnings, inequality and poverty, as well as tasks and skills, and what this might mean for the future of the region. Dr. Marchand is an associate professor of economics at the University of Alberta. The event is sponsored by the Mascaro Center for Sustainable Innovation and GSPIA.

2015 GSPIA Graduation

The Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall and Museum in Oakland was the site of the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public and International Affairs 2015 Honors and Graduation Ceremony.

2015 Spring Galla

The Heinz History Center was the site of this year’s annual student cabinet spring Gala on Friday, April 10, 2015.

2014 GSPIA Graduation

The Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall and Museum in Oakland was the site of the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public and International Affairs 2014 Honors and Graduation Ceremony.

Graduate School of Public and International Affairs
3601 Wesley W. Posvar Hall, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260